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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 74-80

Roles and challenges of clinical microbiology laboratories in antimicrobial stewardship in resource-limited countries: A narrative review

1 Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
2 Department of Medical Microbiology, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria
3 Department of Microbiology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abdurrahman El-Fulaty Ahmad
Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Zaria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcls.jcls_60_19

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Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major global health challenge, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Programs that appropriate antibiotic use such as antimicrobial stewardship, is a global health strategy adopted by the World Health Organization to contain threats posed by AMR. Unfortunately, many LMICs are at best left behind in the process of developing antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASP). We highlighted the roles of the clinical microbiology laboratory in antimicrobial stewardship and challenges associated with the program in LMICs. We further suggested ways forward in the adoption and implementation of existing programs in resource-limited settings. There is generally nonexistent or at best, fewer ASP in the LMICs. More efforts need to be channeled toward fighting the AMR scourge, primarily by adopting ASP while utilizing the little resources available.

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