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 Table of Contents  
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 155-156

Quick response codes in pediatric dentistry

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Durbhakula Dental Clinic, Khammam, Telangana, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry, Qassim University, Al Rass, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Date of Web Publication17-Aug-2017

Correspondence Address:
Karteek Durbakula
Durbhakula Dental Clinic, Khammam, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcls.jcls_2_17

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How to cite this article:
Durbakula K, Moidin S. Quick response codes in pediatric dentistry. J Clin Sci 2017;14:155-6

How to cite this URL:
Durbakula K, Moidin S. Quick response codes in pediatric dentistry. J Clin Sci [serial online] 2017 [cited 2021 Apr 11];14:155-6. Available from: https://www.jcsjournal.org/text.asp?2017/14/3/155/213083


Quick response code or QR code is a two-dimensional barcode which encodes for greater volume of information. QR code was developed by Denso Wave Corporation in 1994 for tracking vehicle parts. QR code contains information in both horizontal and vertical directions when compared to the traditional bar code which contains less data in only horizontal direction.[1]

The QR code is a matrix symbol which consists of black square dots arranged in a square grid on a white background. The information encoded may contain data consisting numeric, alphanumeric, byte/binary, and Kanji. A QR code can be easily generated using free online and offline generators, which can be decoded by an imaging device, such as a camera, mobile phone, red laser, and QR scanner.[2]

In recent times, the application of QR code in dentistry has gained interest. QR codes can be used for the identification of complete dentures in senior citizen centers.[3] It can be used to identify orthodontic appliances in the dental clinics.[4] It can be used for the storage of patient information with radiographic interpretation by sticking them on radiographic covers.[5] These QR codes can also be used to store the case history and biopsy report for pathological slides.[6]

Pediatric dentistry is a branch of dentistry which deals with the dental problems related to the children. Problems are encountered in the identification of appliances, maintenance of case records, radiographic reports, and retrieval of information during subsequent visits of children to pedodontist and for retrospective studies. Here, we are describing an innovative approach to store the details of the patient in QR code which reduces the forementioned problems. We call this method of storing pediatric dental patient information using QR codes as Shakil–Karteek (S-K) method. The protocol to be followed for this S-K method is:

  • Step 1 - Case history and radiographs of the patient were taken, and treatment was planned
  • Step 2 - Three QR codes of size 1 cm × 1 cm are generated with QR code generator software which encodes for patients details, radiographic interpretation, and treatment plan
  • Step 3 - These QR codes are laminated to prevent its damage from moisture and acrylic materials [Figure 1]a
  • Step 4 - One laminated QR code will be attached to the radiographic cover on its back side [Figure 1]b
  • Step 5 - Second QR code will be attached to the cast on which appliance will be made [Figure 1]c
  • Step 6 - Third QR code will be incorporated in the appliance in its widest area such that no bending of QR code takes place. Care should be taken so that only a thin layer of acrylic covers the QR code which does not hinder its scanning [Figure 2]a
  • Step 7 - Scanning of the QR codes with a mobile QR scanner or laser scanner [Figure 2]b
  • Step 8 - The QR code can be stored on the computer or on a paper for documentation and can be sent to the patient through E-mail or mobile.
Figure 1: (a) Laminated QR code. (b) Radiographic cover with QR code. (c) Diagnostic cast with QR code

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Figure 2: (a) Appliance incorporated with QR code. (b) Scanning of QR code with mobile QR code scanner

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This approach enables in the identification of the cast, radiograph, and appliance through QR code. It also helps in storage and maintenance of the patient records electronically by QR codes.

QR codes, a new approach in pediatric dentistry should be practiced as it facilitates the pedodontist in the identification and providing easy access to the patient details during the subsequent visits of the patient. It also helps researchers in long-term retrospective studies. This S-K method using QR codes saves a lot of time, paperwork, and manual effort by recording the details electronically.

Financial support and sponsorship


Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

  References Top

Vazquez-Briseno M, Hirata FI, Sanchez-Lopez JD, Jimenez-Garcia E, Navarro-Cota C, Nieto-Hipolitoet JI, et al. Using RFID/NFC and QR-code in mobile phones to link the physical and the digital world. In: Deliyannis I, editor. Interactive Multimedia. Croatia, Europe: InTech; 2012. p. 219-42.  Back to cited text no. 1
Sahu SK, Gonnade SK. QR code and application in India. Int J Recent Technol Eng 2013;2:26-8.  Back to cited text no. 2
Rajendran V, Karthigeyan S, Manoharan S. Denture marker using a two-dimensional bar code. J Prosthet Dent 2012;107:207-8.  Back to cited text no. 3
Shakil M, Durbakula K, Jose M. Quick response codes in orthodontics. J Indian Orthod Soc 2015;49:50-1.  Back to cited text no. 4
  [Full text]  
Shakil M, Karteek D, Spoorti K, Jose M. Quick response code in oral and maxillofacial radiology. J Oral Maxillofac Radiol 2014;2:95-6.  Back to cited text no. 5
  [Full text]  
Shakil M, Durbakula K, Spoorti K, Jose M. Yencode – Its applications in dentistry. J Mob Technol Med 2015;4:48-50.  Back to cited text no. 6


  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]


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