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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 126-130

The survey of head teachers of private schools regarding knowledge and implementation of the school health program in Ilorin

1 Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Ilorin/University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Mohammed Baba Abdulkadir
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Ilorin/University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, PMB 1459, 1 Old Jebba Road, Ilorin, Kwara State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcls.jcls_18_16

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Background and Objectives: School health program (SHP) is a critical aspect of the nation's healthcare system integrating education and delivery of health-care services. We sought to explore knowledge of head teachers regarding the SHP and determine their level of implementation. Methods: A survey was conducted of head teachers of privately owned primary and secondary schools in Ilorin. A pretested questionnaire with information on knowledge of SHP and current facilities and practices in their schools was given to head teachers at a training workshop to improve their awareness regarding hygiene and disease prevention in schools. Results: A total of 100 questionnaires were distributed with 84 head teachers returning their completed questionnaires. The mean (standard deviation) age of the head teachers was 43.3 (9.9) years with a female:male ratio of 1.9:1. Thirty-eight (47.5%) of the head teachers had good/adequate knowledge, and female head teachers were statistically more likely to have adequate knowledge Thirty-nine of the schools delivered school health services, most commonly by a health assistant (79.5%). Fifty-nine (73.8%) of the schools had a first aid box. The most common source of water was well water (46.3%). Refuse and sewage disposal was largely by incineration and water closet system, respectively. Conclusion: School head teachers had a poor knowledge of SHP and inadequate school health services in their school.

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