Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
  • Users Online: 231
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Year : 2006  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 20-23

Motorcycle-related Maxillofacial Injuries and the Use of Helmets: Experience of an Hospital in Lagos

Department of Oral/Maxillofacial Surgery, Fomerly: Clinical Head, Nigerian Army Reference Hospital , Yaba, Lagos; Present address: Department of Oral/ Maxillofacial surgery, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
R A Adewole
Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Idi-Araba, Lagos.
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

Background and objective: We observed an increase in the number of motorcycle-related maxillofacial injuries treated in our hospital over the years. We also noticed that the motorcyclists involved were mostly unhelmeted. The objective of this study therefore is to find out the incidence of motorcycle-related maxillofacial injuries in our hospital and compare our data with previous studies. The associated complications encountered were highlighted. Materials and Methods: This was a single-centre prospective study of all patients with maxillofacial injuries treated at Nigerian Army Reference Hospital Yaba between January 2003 and December, 2004. They were categorised into motorcycle-related, and other vehicular-related. The motorcyclerelated group were analysed in respect of age, sex, site of injuries, soft and hard tissue injuries, helmeted and non-helmeted motorcyclists. Patients with concomitant injuries such as skull fracture/ head injuries, neck injuries were documented. Patients management included investigations with skull and jaws radiographs, monitoring with Glasgow coma scale and intensive care support. The helmeted and non-helmeted motorcyclists were matched for morbidity and mortality. Patients with concomitant injuries were jointly managed with neurosurgeon. Results: Our results showed that 30.5% (66 patients) sustained motorcycle-related accidents out of 216 patients who sustained maxillofacial injuries due to road traffic accidents. The analysis of the motorcycle-related injury data showed that 56 (84.8%) had maxillofacial bone fractures majority of which was mandibular, 28(50.0%). Ten percent (10%) of helmeted cyclists sustained head injury/ skull fracture , while 21% of the non-helmeted had head injury/skull fracture. A total of 8 motorcyclists died and they were all in the non-helmeted category . Conclusion: The use of crash-helmet is associated with less severe maxillofacial injuries, reduced number of head injuries and skull fractures, reduced morbidity and mortality. We advocate that Government should enforce the legislation of compulsory use of crash helmet by all motorcyclists to reduce the rate and severity of maxillofacial/craniofacial injuries suffered by them

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded60    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal