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ORIGINAL RESEARCH REPORT
Year : 2004  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-14

Socio-demographic Characteristics Concerning Cigarette Smoking among Rural Nigerians


Institute of Child Health and Primary Care College of Medicine, University of Lagos P.M.B. 12003 Lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
O O Ayankogbe
Institute of Child Health and Primary Care College of Medicine, University of Lagos P.M.B. 12003 Lagos
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background/Objective: It is an acknowledged fact that cigarette smoke contains different particles and gases that are toxic to body tissues. Smoking is associated with cardiovascular disease, arteriosclerosis and cancers. Cigarette smoking has thus become the largest single avoidable cause of ill health and premature mortality in the world. The objectives of the study were to assess the prevalence and correlates of smoking and its distribution by socio-demographic characteristics. Methodology: Three hundred and fifty (350) rural respondents were interviewed using a modified standard WHO questionnaire for surveying smoking prevalence and behavior. A three-stage multistage sampling design was used to select 50 respondents from one randomly selected village from each of the 7 health districts in the LGA., The target population was the inhabitants of Ifo Local Government Area of Ogun State with a population of 284,281 in the year 2001. Results: The results showed that the prevalence of cigarette smoking was 17.6 %. A large majority of rural dwellers (82.4%) were classified as never smokers. Among the current smokers 11.4% smoked daily. The highest percentage of smokers was among the 45-54 age group (29.8%), The prevalence of smoking rose as age increases with the younger age groups smoking less than the older age groups. Among males smokers the highest smoking prevalence (35%) was among those who earn more than N5, 000 (USD33.33)/ month, that is those whose earnings are above the poverty line of a daily wage of $1. Conclusion: This study thus provides a baseline to further map out the future trend of cigarette smoking in rural communities in Southwest Nigeria.


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