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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 5: Changes in mean HR effects of CSEA versus GAR. This figure shows changes in intraoperative HR from preinduction (0 min) to 185 min. Values are mean ± standard deviation. *Indicates that the difference between the means of CSEA and GAR was significant at P < 0.05. GAR = General anesthesia relaxant technique, CSEA = Combined spinal-epidural anesthesia, HR = Heart rate

Figure 5: Changes in mean HR effects of CSEA versus GAR. This figure shows changes in intraoperative HR from preinduction (0 min) to 185 min. Values are mean ± standard deviation. *Indicates that the difference between the means of CSEA and GAR was significant at <i>P</i> < 0.05. GAR = General anesthesia relaxant technique, CSEA = Combined spinal-epidural anesthesia, HR = Heart rate