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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 1: Mean epinephrine and norepinephrine concentrations: Combined spinal-epidural anesthesia versus general anesthesia relaxant technique. The changes in epinephrine and norepinephrine concentrations from preinduction values to 4 h after surgical incision. Values are mean ± standard deviation. *Indicates that the difference in the mean norepinephrine concentration between general anesthesia relaxant and combined spinal-epidural anesthesia was significant at P < 0.05. EPIGAR = Epinephrine general anesthesia relaxant technique, EPICSEA = Epinephrine combined spinal-epidural anesthesia, NOREPIGAR = Norepinedphrine general anesthesia relaxant technique, NOREPICSEA = Norepinedphrine combined spinal-epidural anesthesia

Figure 1: Mean epinephrine and norepinephrine concentrations: Combined spinal-epidural anesthesia versus general anesthesia relaxant technique. The changes in epinephrine and norepinephrine concentrations from preinduction values to 4 h after surgical incision. Values are mean ± standard deviation. *Indicates that the difference in the mean norepinephrine concentration between general anesthesia relaxant and combined spinal-epidural anesthesia was significant at <i>P</i> < 0.05. EPIGAR = Epinephrine general anesthesia relaxant technique, EPICSEA = Epinephrine combined spinal-epidural anesthesia, NOREPIGAR = Norepinedphrine general anesthesia relaxant technique, NOREPICSEA = Norepinedphrine combined spinal-epidural anesthesia