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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 7-12

Profile and risk factors of occupational related conditions in an oil industry in South-South, Nigeria

Department of Community Health & Primary Care, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, P.M.B. 12003, Lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
O J Akinsola
Department of Community Health & Primary Care, College of Medicine, University of Lagos. P.M.B. 12003, Lagos
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: The incidence and prevalence of industrial accidents and illnesses are approaching epidemic proportions all over the world particularly in the oil sector. Sequel to surge, relax and resurgence of Niger-Delta crises in Nigeria, the oil and gas workers have been exposed to numerous occupational hazards due to poor adherence to prevention programmes. Objective: There is little or no information to describe the frequency of morbidity and mortality and associated risk factors in oil and gas industry in Nigeria. This study was carried out to describe the profile of occupational health-related conditions in an oil industry. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort design covering a period of 14 years (1992 - 2005) in which oil workers who have had exposure to occupational health hazards or experienced accidents or illnesses for at least one-year post employment were studied. Information was collected on type of occupational hazards, accidents and illnesses experienced. Data management and statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 15.0. Descriptive and Inferential statistics (chi-square, binary logistic regression) was employed. Results: About two-third (63.7%) of the ill-health was due to exposure to biochemical hazard which was more prevalent in the Production section. The hazard and accident experienced by workers include: Noise, Toxic substance and Leakages while injuries experienced are Sprain, Strain and Respiratory disorders. The Section and Length of years have significant association on exposure to occupational accident and illness. Also, most of socio-demographic characteristics except sex have significant association with occurrence of occupational injuries and illnesses. Conclusion: The study revealed that most of the occupational accidents and illness the workers experienced are due to exposure of biochemical hazards (fumes, mists, vapour, gases and flammable liquids) and psychosocial hazards (youth restiveness, vandalization, robbery, shift-work). Confounding variables (sex, age group and length of service) were also controlled for in the study. Since a larger percentage of workers working in high-risk section are affected mostly by exposure to occupational hazards, a strong public health advocacy that will ensure that employers and employees religiously adhere to high safety standard at the workplace is recommended.

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