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ORIGINAL RESEARCH REPORTS
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6-10

Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders among Long Distance Bus Drivers in Nigeria


Physiotherapy Department, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
H A Aweto
Physiotherapy Department, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Idi-Araba, Lagos
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background / Objective: Musculoskeletal disorders have been described as the most notorious and most common causes of severe long-term pain and physical disability that affect millions of people across the world. Occupational driving is associated with a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders. The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of work-related musculoskeletal disorders in long distance bus drivers in Nigeria. Methods: Two hundred and fifty four (254) long distance bus drivers participated in the survey. All participants were male. They completed a structured 30-item questionnaire which collected information on the biodata, period spent on driving, frequency of driving, presence or absence of breaks, types of discomfort experienced, level of pain experienced by the subjects, the parts of the body where these discomforts were experienced and treatment received by subjects to relieve the discomfort. Descriptive statistics of frequency, percentages and inferential statistics of chi-square were used for data analysis. Results: One hundred and eighty three (72%) of the subjects experienced musculoskeletal disorders during the years of driving. Chi-square analysis showed that there was a statistically significant association between years of driving and discomfort in the shoulder (χ2=11.9, p=0.036) and also in the neck (χ2=38.9, p=0.000). There was also a significant association between age and discomfort in the shoulder (χ2=16.7, p=0.002) and between age and discomfort in the neck (χ2=36.4, p=0.000). Conclusion: This study indicated a high level of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) among long distance bus drivers in Nigeria. The number of years of driving is a significant factor contributing to the high level of WMSDs. Prolonged sitting is also a major occupational risk factor that predisposes these drivers to WMSDs.


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