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Year : 2005  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 57-61

Patterns of Presentation of Periodontal Conditions seen in Juvenile Periodontitis Patients In Lagos

Department of Preventive Dentistry, School of Dental Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria

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Objective The objective of this study was to determine the oral hygiene and periodontal condition of juvenile periodontitis patients. Methodology Seventeen patients diagnosed with juvenile periodontis aged 18 to 29 years were identified. The oral hygiene status was determined using the Simplified Oral Hygiene Index by Greene and Vermillion. The periodontal status was assessed using the Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs. Results The predominant oral hygiene status was fair (64%). Only 12% exhibited good oral hygiene and this was noted more among the females (15%) more than males (10%). The most predominant periodontal status was code 3 (47%) of which 57% occurred among the females. No subject had a healthy sextant. The most frequent treatment needed was code II (65%). Conclusion Forty-seven per cent of juvenile periodontitis patients seen at our centre presented predominantly with moderately severe periodontal status (Code 3). No patient presented with a healthy sextant. Only about 12% had good oral hygiene. It is recommended that oral health education particularly oral hygiene measures are emphasized and periodontal clinical examination of adolescents be performed to detect early or insidious sites. More regular oral hygiene maintenance should be adopted among juvenile periodontitis patients.

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